Just-in-time (JIT) compiler with code profiling to Android runtime (ART) continually improves app performance. Direct boot and file-based encryption allows certain apps to run securely when the device is powered on but not unlocked. Multi-window support enables simultaneous display of multiple apps on a device screen. The Vehicle HAL enables Android Automotive implementations.
Android now strictly enforces verified boot and requires a same-system trusted CA store. APK signature scheme v2 performs signature checking across the entire file. Security hardening of media framework and camera service splits mediaserver into multiple processes with restricted permissions and capabilities (may require changes to HAL implementations). For more changes, see 7.0 security enhancements.
Audio, Camera, & Graphics Updates
Audio policy improvements include changes to policy configuration files, a reorganization of audio policy code, and new extensions for audio policy routing APIs. Android now supports Vulkan (low-overhead, cross-platform API for high-performance 3D graphics) and OpenGL 3.2; check with your SoC for driver support. Enhancements to camera3 support devices with high-end cameras.
Android For Work Updates
New device administration features include enterprise telephony (cross-profile contact searching and badging, affects preloaded Dialer and Contacts apps), device monitoring and health reporting (APIs for apps to query device hardware state; device must report correct values in the HAL implementation), and enterprise process logging and device owner triggered bugreports (collect logs for user actions on a managed device).
Doze now works on devices in motion. Sustained performance hints can inform long-running applications of device-performance capabilities (requires power HAL changes). Data Saver enables restricting background data when on cellular or metered networks. Android now collects data for Low Energy (LE) scans and Bluetooth traffic.
Under the Hood
Dialer APIs handle all call notification logic (instead of sharing with Telecom). Namespaces for native libraries prevent apps from using private platform native APIs. Flash unlock reports the bootloader's lock status. Radio Interface Layer (RIL) support includes enhancements to error codes, versioning, and wakelocks. UICC carrier privilege rules now support Access File Rule (ARF) storage. Android now supports the RFID smart card system Felicity Card (FeliCa). Documentation updated for HAL and TradeFed references.
Explore the Source
Get the complete Android platform and modify and build it to suit your needs. You can also contribute to the Android Open Source Project (AOSP) repository to make your changes available to everyone else in the Android ecosystem.
Port Android to Devices
Get help porting the latest Android platform to create compelling devices for your customers. Includes documentation for HAL interfaces and details on core technologies such as Android runtime (ART) and over-the-air (OTA) updates.
Follow these examples and instructions to harden your Android devices against malicious attacks. Find out how the Android security program works and learn how to implement the latest features.
Being Android-compatible lets you offer custom features but still give users and developers a consistent and standard experience across all Android-powered devices. Android provides guidance and a test suite to verify your Android compatibility.
Help this Site
Use the Site Feedback button at the bottom of any page to request content improvements or let us know about errors. To contribute your own updates to the site or to view a complete list of site changes, use the AOSP project docs/source.android.com.