Initializing your Repo client
Follow the instructions from Downloading the Source to get
and build the Android source code. When issuing the
repo init command, specify a
specific CTS branch using
-b. This ensures that your CTS changes are included
in subsequent CTS releases.
Building and running CTS
Execute the following commands to build CTS and start the interactive CTS console:
make cts -j32 TARGET_PRODUCT=aosp_arm64
In the CTS console, enter:
tf> run cts --plan CTS
Writing CTS tests
CTS tests use JUnit and the Android testing APIs. Review the
tutorial and existing tests under the
CTS tests mostly follow the same conventions used in other Android tests.
CTS runs across many production devices, so the tests must follow these rules:
- Take into account varying screen sizes, orientations, and keyboard layouts.
- Use only public API methods. In other words, avoid all classes, methods, and fields
- Avoid using view layouts or relying on the dimensions of assets that may not be on some devices.
- Don't rely upon root privileges.
Create a subplan
As an example, you can add a SubPlan.xml file in
android-cts/subplans as follows:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" standalone="no"?> <SubPlan version="2.0"> <Entry include="CtsSystemIntentTestCases" /> <Entry include="CtsSystemUiHostTestCases" /> <Entry include="CtsSecurityHostTestCases android.security.cts.SELinuxHostTest#testAospFileContexts" /> <Entry include="CtsSecurityHostTestCases android.security.cts.SELinuxHostTest#testAospServiceContexts" /> </SubPlan>
To run the subplan:
run cts --subplan aSubPlan
The subplan entry format is:
Include a module name as follows: <Entry include="MODULE_NAME" /> Include a package: <Entry include="MODULE_NAME PACKAGE_NAME" /> Include a class: <Entry include="MODULE_NAME PACKAGE_NAME.CLASS_NAME" /> Include an individual test: <Entry include="MODULE_NAME PACKAGE_NAME.CLASS_NAME#TEST_NAME" />
Test naming and location
Most CTS test cases target a specific class in the Android API. These tests
have Java package names with a
cts suffix and class names with a
Test suffix. Each test case consists of multiple tests, where each
test typically exercises a specific method of the class being tested.
These tests are arranged in a directory structure where tests are grouped into
different categories such as "widgets" or "views".
For example, the CTS test for the Java package
android.widget.cts.TextViewTest with its Java package name as
android.widget.cts and its class name as
- Java package name
The Java package name for the CTS tests is the package name of the class that the test is testing, followed by
.cts. For our example, the package name would be
- Class name
The class name for CTS tests is the name of the class being tested with "Test" appended. For example, if a test is targeting
TextView, the class name should be
- Module name (CTS v2 only)
CTS v2 organizes tests by module. The module name is usually the second string of the Java package name (in our example,
The directory structure and sample code depend on whether you are using CTS v1 or CTS v2.
For Android 6.0 or lower, use CTS v1. For CTS v1, the sample code is at
The directory structure in CTS v1 tests looks like this:
cts/ tests/ tests/ package-name/ Android.mk AndroidManifest.xml src/ android/ package-name/ SampleDeviceActivity.java cts/ SampleDeviceTest.java
For Android 7.0 or higher, use CTS v2. For details, see the sample test in Android Open Source Project (AOSP).
The CTS v2 directory structure looks like this:
cts/ tests/ module-name/ Android.mk AndroidManifest.xml src/ android/ package-name/ SampleDeviceActivity.java cts/ SampleDeviceTest.java
New sample packages
When adding new tests, there might not be an existing directory to place your test. In those cases, you need to create the directory and copy the appropriate sample files.
If you're using CTS v1, refer to the example under
cts/tests/tests/example and create a new directory. Also,
make sure to add your new package's module name from its
build/core/tasks/cts.mk uses this makefile
to combine all the tests and create the final CTS package.
Use the sample test
to quick start your new test module with the following steps:
- To create the test directory and copy sample files, run:
mkdir cts/tests/module-name && cp -r cts/tests/sample/* cts/tests/module-name
- Navigate to
cts/tests/module-nameand substitute all instances of "[Ss]ample" with the recommended naming convention from above.
SampleDeviceActivityto exercise the feature you're testing.
SampleDeviceTestto ensure that the activity succeeds or logs its errors.
Other Android directories such as
res can also be added.
To add JNI code,
create a directory in the root of the project next to
src with the native
code and an
Android.mk makefile in it.
The makefile typically contains the following settings:
LOCAL_PATH := $(call my-dir) include $(CLEAR_VARS) LOCAL_MODULE := libCtsSample_jni # don't include this package in any target LOCAL_MODULE_TAGS := optional LOCAL_SRC_FILES := list of source code files LOCAL_C_INCLUDES := $(JNI_H_INCLUDE) # Tag this module as a cts test artifact LOCAL_COMPATIBILITY_SUITE := cts LOCAL_SHARED_LIBRARIES := libnativehelper LOCAL_SDK_VERSION := current include $(BUILD_SHARED_LIBRARY)
Finally, modify the
Android.mk file in the root of the
project to build the native code and depend on it, as shown below:
# All tests should include android.test.runner. LOCAL_JAVA_LIBRARIES := android.test.runner # Includes the jni code as a shared library LOCAL_JNI_SHARED_LIBRARIES := libCtsSample_jni # Include for InstrumentationCtsTestRunner LOCAL_STATIC_JAVA_LIBRARIES := ctstestrunner... LOCAL_SDK_VERSION := currentinclude $(BUILD_CTS_PACKAGE) #Tells make to look in subdirectories for more make files to include include $(call all-makefiles-under,$(LOCAL_PATH))
Fixing or removing tests
In addition to adding new tests, you can fix or
remove tests annotated with
Submitting your changes
When submitting CTS or VTS patches in AOSP, choose your development branch based on which API levels the patch applies to.
For changes that apply to multiple API levels, first
develop a patch in
aosp/masterand then cherry-pick to the most upstream test branch. Allow the automerger to merge the changes downstream in AOSP test branches. See Release schedule and branch information for the list of branches and automerge path information.
- For changes that are specific to a specific API level, develop or cherry-pick the changes to the correct test branch with DO NOT MERGE or RESTRICT AUTOMERGE in the commit message.
Follow the Submitting Patches workflow to contribute changes to CTS. A reviewer will be assigned to your change, and your change should be reviewed shortly.
Release schedule and branch information
CTS releases follow this schedule.
|No releases are planned for versions 8.0, 7.1, 7.0, 6.0, 5.1, 5.0, 4.4, 4.3, and 4.2.|
Important dates during the release
- End of the first week: Code freeze. Submissions to the branch until the code freeze are considered for the upcoming version of CTS. Submissions to the branch after the code freeze, or after a candidate for release is chosen, are considered for the subsequent release.
- Second or third week: CTS is published in AOSP.
CTS development branches have been set up so that changes submitted to each branch automatically merge to higher branches.
For changes to an upcoming Android version, the automerge path is:
<private-development-branch for Android 12>.
For changes directly to an AOSP branch, the automerge path is:
If a changelist (CL) fails to merge correctly, the author of the patch is sent an email with instructions on how to resolve the conflict. In most of the cases, the author of the patch can use the instructions to skip the automerge of the conflicting CL.
If an older branch requires the change, then the patch needs to be cherry-picked from the newer branch.