Android Security Bulletin—January 2017

Published January 03, 2017 | Updated February 2, 2017

The Android Security Bulletin contains details of security vulnerabilities affecting Android devices. Alongside the bulletin, we have released a security update to Google devices through an over-the-air (OTA) update. The Google device firmware images have also been released to the Google Developer site. Security patch levels of January 05, 2017 or later address all of these issues. Refer to the Pixel and Nexus update schedule to learn how to check a device's security patch level.

Partners were notified of the issues described in the bulletin on December 05, 2016 or earlier. Source code patches for these issues have been released to the Android Open Source Project (AOSP) repository and linked from this bulletin. This bulletin also includes links to patches outside of AOSP.

The most severe of these issues is a Critical security vulnerability that could enable remote code execution on an affected device through multiple methods such as email, web browsing, and MMS when processing media files.

We have had no reports of active customer exploitation or abuse of these newly reported issues. Refer to the Android and Google service mitigations section for details on the Android security platform protections and service protections such as SafetyNet, which improve the security of the Android platform.

We encourage all customers to accept these updates to their devices.

Announcements

  • This bulletin has two security patch level strings to provide Android partners with the flexibility to more quickly fix a subset of vulnerabilities that are similar across all Android devices. See Common questions and answers for additional information:
    • 2017-01-01: Partial security patch level string. This security patch level string indicates that all issues associated with 2017-01-01 (and all previous security patch level strings) are addressed.
    • 2017-01-05: Complete security patch level string. This security patch level string indicates that all issues associated with 2017-01-01 and 2017-01-05 (and all previous security patch level strings) are addressed.
  • Supported Google devices will receive a single OTA update with the January 05, 2017 security patch level.

Security vulnerability summary

The tables below contains a list of security vulnerabilities, the Common Vulnerability and Exposures ID (CVE), the assessed severity, and whether or not Google devices are affected. The severity assessment is based on the effect that exploiting the vulnerability would possibly have on an affected device, assuming the platform and service mitigations are disabled for development purposes or if successfully bypassed.

2017-01-01 security patch level—Vulnerability summary

Security patch levels of 2017-01-01 or later must address the following issues.

Issue CVE Severity Affects Google devices?
Remote code execution vulnerability in c-ares CVE-2016-5180 High Yes
Remote code execution vulnerability in Framesequence CVE-2017-0382 High Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Framework APIs CVE-2017-0383 High Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Audioserver CVE-2017-0384, CVE-2017-0385 High Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in libnl CVE-2017-0386 High Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Mediaserver CVE-2017-0387 High Yes
Information disclosure vulnerability in External Storage Provider CVE-2017-0388 High Yes
Denial of service vulnerability in core networking CVE-2017-0389 High Yes
Denial of service vulnerability in Mediaserver CVE-2017-0390, CVE-2017-0391, CVE-2017-0392, CVE-2017-0393 High Yes
Denial of service vulnerability in Telephony CVE-2017-0394 High Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Contacts CVE-2017-0395 Moderate Yes
Information disclosure vulnerability in Mediaserver CVE-2017-0381, CVE-2017-0396, CVE-2017-0397 Moderate Yes
Information disclosure vulnerability in Audioserver CVE-2017-0398, CVE-2017-0399, CVE-2017-0400, CVE-2017-0401, CVE-2017-0402 Moderate Yes

2017-01-05 security patch level—Vulnerability summary

Security patch levels of 2017-01-05 or later must address all of the 2017-01-01 issues, as well as the following issues.

Issue CVE Severity Affects Google devices?
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in kernel memory subsystem CVE-2015-3288 Critical Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Qualcomm bootloader CVE-2016-8422, CVE-2016-8423 Critical Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in kernel file system CVE-2015-5706 Critical No*
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in NVIDIA GPU driver CVE-2016-8424, CVE-2016-8425, CVE-2016-8426, CVE-2016-8482, CVE-2016-8427, CVE-2016-8428, CVE-2016-8429, CVE-2016-8430, CVE-2016-8431, CVE-2016-8432 Critical Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in MediaTek driver CVE-2016-8433 Critical No*
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Qualcomm GPU driver CVE-2016-8434 Critical Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in NVIDIA GPU driver CVE-2016-8435 Critical Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Qualcomm video driver CVE-2016-8436 Critical No*
Vulnerabilities in Qualcomm components CVE-2016-5080, CVE-2016-8398, CVE-2016-8437, CVE-2016-8438, CVE-2016-8439, CVE-2016-8440, CVE-2016-8441, CVE-2016-8442, CVE-2016-8443, CVE-2016-8459 Critical No*
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Qualcomm camera CVE-2016-8412, CVE-2016-8444 High Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in MediaTek components CVE-2016-8445, CVE-2016-8446, CVE-2016-8447, CVE-2016-8448 High No*
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Qualcomm Wi-Fi driver CVE-2016-8415 High Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in NVIDIA GPU driver CVE-2016-8449 High Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Qualcomm sound driver CVE-2016-8450 High Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Synaptics touchscreen driver CVE-2016-8451 High No*
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in kernel security subsystem CVE-2016-7042 High Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in kernel performance subsystem CVE-2017-0403 High Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in kernel sound subsystem CVE-2017-0404 High Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Qualcomm Wi-Fi driver CVE-2016-8452 High Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Qualcomm radio driver CVE-2016-5345 High Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in kernel profiling subsystem CVE-2016-9754 High Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Broadcom Wi-Fi driver CVE-2016-8453, CVE-2016-8454, CVE-2016-8455, CVE-2016-8456, CVE-2016-8457 High Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Synaptics touchscreen driver CVE-2016-8458 High Yes
Information disclosure vulnerability in NVIDIA video driver CVE-2016-8460 High Yes
Information disclosure vulnerability in bootloader CVE-2016-8461, CVE-2016-8462 High Yes
Denial of service vulnerability in Qualcomm FUSE file system CVE-2016-8463 High No*
Denial of service vulnerability in bootloader CVE-2016-8467 High Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Broadcom Wi-Fi driver CVE-2016-8464, CVE-2016-8465, CVE-2016-8466 Moderate Yes
Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Binder CVE-2016-8468 Moderate Yes
Information disclosure vulnerability in NVIDIA camera driver CVE-2016-8469 Moderate Yes
Information disclosure vulnerability in MediaTek driver CVE-2016-8470, CVE-2016-8471, CVE-2016-8472 Moderate No*
Information disclosure vulnerability in STMicroelectronics driver CVE-2016-8473, CVE-2016-8474 Moderate Yes
Information disclosure vulnerability in Qualcomm audio post processor CVE-2017-0399, CVE-2017-0400, CVE-2017-0401, CVE-2017-0402 Moderate Yes
Information disclosure vulnerability in HTC input driver CVE-2016-8475 Moderate Yes
Denial of service vulnerability in kernel file system CVE-2014-9420 Moderate Yes

* Supported Google devices on Android 7.0 or later that have installed all available updates are not affected by this vulnerability.

Android and Google service mitigations

This is a summary of the mitigations provided by the Android security platform and service protections, such as SafetyNet. These capabilities reduce the likelihood that security vulnerabilities could be successfully exploited on Android.

  • Exploitation for many issues on Android is made more difficult by enhancements in newer versions of the Android platform. We encourage all users to update to the latest version of Android where possible.
  • The Android Security team actively monitors for abuse with Verify Apps and SafetyNet, which are designed to warn users about Potentially Harmful Applications. Verify Apps is enabled by default on devices with Google Mobile Services and is especially important for users who install applications from outside of Google Play. Device rooting tools are prohibited within Google Play, but Verify Apps warns users when they attempt to install a detected rooting application—no matter where it comes from. Additionally, Verify Apps attempts to identify and block installation of known malicious applications that exploit a privilege escalation vulnerability. If such an application has already been installed, Verify Apps will notify the user and attempt to remove the detected application.
  • As appropriate, Google Hangouts and Messenger applications do not automatically pass media to processes such as Mediaserver.

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank these researchers for their contributions:

We would also like to thank the following researchers for their contributions to this bulletin:

  • Baozeng Ding, Chengming Yang, Peng Xiao, Ning You, Yang Dong, Chao Yang, Yi Zhang and Yang Song of Alibaba Mobile Security Group
  • Peter Pi (@heisecode) of Trend Micro
  • Zubin Mithra of Google

2017-01-01 security patch level—Vulnerability details

In the sections below, we provide details for each of the security vulnerabilities listed in the 2017-01-01 security patch level—Vulnerability summary above. There is a description of the issue, a severity rationale, and a table with the CVE, associated references, severity, updated Google devices, updated AOSP versions (where applicable), and date reported. When available, we will link the public change that addressed the issue to the bug ID, like the AOSP change list. When multiple changes relate to a single bug, additional references are linked to numbers following the bug ID.

Remote code execution vulnerability in c-ares

A remote code execution vulnerability in c-ares could enable an attacker using a specially crafted request to execute arbitrary code in the context of an unprivileged process. This issue is rated as High due to the possibility of remote code execution in an application that uses this library.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Updated AOSP versions Date reported
CVE-2016-5180 A-32205736 High All 7.0 Sept 29, 2016

Remote code execution vulnerability in Framesequence

A remote code execution vulnerability in the Framesequence library could enable an attacker using a specially crafted file to execute arbitrary code in the context of an unprivileged process. This issue is rated as High due to the possibility of remote code execution in an application that uses the Framesequence library.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Updated AOSP versions Date reported
CVE-2017-0382 A-32338390 High All 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Oct 21, 2016

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Framework APIs

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the Framework APIs could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of a privileged process. This issue is rated as High because it could be used to gain local access to elevated capabilities, which are not normally accessible to a third-party application.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Updated AOSP versions Date reported
CVE-2017-0383 A-31677614 High All 7.0, 7.1.1 Sep 21, 2016

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Audioserver

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in Audioserver could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of a privileged process. This issue is rated as High because it could be used to gain local access to elevated capabilities, which are not normally accessible to a third-party application.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Updated AOSP versions Date reported
CVE-2017-0384 A-32095626 High All 4.4.4, 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Oct 11, 2016
CVE-2017-0385 A-32585400 High All 4.4.4, 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Oct 11, 2016

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in libnl

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the libnl library could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of a privileged process. This issue is rated as High because it could be used to gain local access to elevated capabilities, which are not normally accessible to a third-party application.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Updated AOSP versions Date reported
CVE-2017-0386 A-32255299 High All 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Oct 18, 2016

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Mediaserver

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in Mediaserver could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of a privileged process. This issue is rated as High because it could be used to gain local access to elevated capabilities, which are not normally accessible to a third-party application.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Updated AOSP versions Date reported
CVE-2017-0387 A-32660278 High All 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Nov 4, 2016

Information disclosure vulnerability in External Storage Provider

An information disclosure vulnerability in the External Storage Provider could enable a local secondary user to read data from an external storage SD card inserted by the primary user. This issue is rated as High because it could be used to access data without permission.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Updated AOSP versions Date reported
CVE-2017-0388 A-32523490 High All 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Google internal

Denial of service vulnerability in core networking

A denial of service vulnerability in core networking could enable a remote attacker to use specially crafted network packet to cause a device hang or reboot. This issue is rated as High due to the possibility of remote denial of service.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Updated AOSP versions Date reported
CVE-2017-0389 A-31850211 [2] [3] High All 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Jul 20, 2016

Denial of service vulnerability in Mediaserver

A denial of service vulnerability in Mediaserver could enable a remote attacker to use a specially crafted file to cause a device hang or reboot. This issue is rated as High due to the possibility of remote denial of service.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Updated AOSP versions Date reported
CVE-2017-0390 A-31647370 High All 4.4.4, 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Sep 19, 2016
CVE-2017-0391 A-32322258 High All 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Oct 20, 2016
CVE-2017-0392 A-32577290 High All 4.4.4, 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Oct 29, 2016
CVE-2017-0393 A-30436808 High All 4.4.4, 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Google internal

Denial of service vulnerability in Telephony

A denial of service vulnerability in Telephony could enable a remote attacker to cause a device hang or reboot. This issue is rated as High due to the possibility of remote denial of service.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Updated AOSP versions Date reported
CVE-2017-0394 A-31752213 High All 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Sep 23, 2016

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Contacts

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in Contacts could enable a local malicious application to silently create contact information. This issue is rated as Moderate because it is a local bypass of user interaction requirements (access to functionality that would normally require either user initiation or user permission).

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Updated AOSP versions Date reported
CVE-2017-0395 A-32219099 Moderate All 4.4.4, 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Oct 15, 2016

Information disclosure vulnerability in Mediaserver

An information disclosure vulnerability in Mediaserver could enable a local malicious application to access data outside of its permission levels. This issue is rated as Moderate because it could be used to access sensitive data without permission.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Updated AOSP versions Date reported
CVE-2017-0381 A-31607432 Moderate All 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Sep 18, 2016
CVE-2017-0396 A-31781965 Moderate All 4.4.4, 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Sep 27, 2016
CVE-2017-0397 A-32377688 Moderate All 4.4.4, 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Oct 21, 2016

Information disclosure vulnerability in Audioserver

An information disclosure vulnerability in Audioserver could enable a local malicious application to access data outside of its permission levels. This issue is rated as Moderate because it could be used to access sensitive data without permission.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Updated AOSP versions Date reported
CVE-2017-0398 A-32438594 Moderate All 4.4.4, 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Oct 25, 2016
CVE-2017-0398 A-32635664 Moderate All 4.4.4, 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Oct 25, 2016
CVE-2017-0398 A-32624850 Moderate All 4.4.4, 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Oct 25, 2016
CVE-2017-0399 A-32247948 [2] Moderate All 4.4.4, 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Oct 18, 2016
CVE-2017-0400 A-32584034 [2] Moderate All 4.4.4, 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Oct 25, 2016
CVE-2017-0401 A-32448258 Moderate All 4.4.4, 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Oct 26, 2016
CVE-2017-0402 A-32436341 [2] Moderate All 4.4.4, 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Oct 25, 2016

2017-01-05 security patch level—Vulnerability details

In the sections below, we provide details for each of the security vulnerabilities listed in the 2017-01-05 security patch level—Vulnerability summary above. There is a description of the issue, a severity rationale, and a table with the CVE, associated references, severity, updated Google devices, updated AOSP versions (where applicable), and date reported. When available, we will link the public change that addressed the issue to the bug ID, like the AOSP change list. When multiple changes relate to a single bug, additional references are linked to numbers following the bug ID.

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in kernel memory subsystem

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the kernel memory subsystem could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as Critical due to the possibility of a local permanent device compromise, which may require reflashing the operating system to repair the device.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2015-3288 A-32460277
Upstream kernel
Critical Nexus 5X, Nexus 6, Nexus 6P, Android One, Pixel C, Nexus Player, Pixel, Pixel XL Jul 9, 2015

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Qualcomm bootloader

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the Qualcomm bootloader could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as Critical due to the possibility of a local permanent device compromise, which may require reflashing the operating system to repair the device.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8422 A-31471220
QC-CR#979426
Critical Nexus 6, Nexus 6P, Pixel, Pixel XL Jul 22, 2016
CVE-2016-8423 A-31399736
QC-CR#1000546
Critical Nexus 6P, Pixel, Pixel XL Aug 24, 2016

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in kernel file system

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the kernel file system could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as Critical due to the possibility of a local permanent device compromise, which may require reflashing the operating system to repair the device.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2015-5706 A-32289301
Upstream kernel
Critical None* Aug 1, 2016

* Supported Google devices on Android 7.0 or later that have installed all available updates are not affected by this vulnerability.

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in NVIDIA GPU driver

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the NVIDIA GPU driver could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as Critical due to the possibility of a local permanent device compromise, which may require reflashing the operating system to repair the device.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8424 A-31606947*
N-CVE-2016-8424
Critical Nexus 9 Sep 17, 2016
CVE-2016-8425 A-31797770*
N-CVE-2016-8425
Critical Nexus 9 Sep 28, 2016
CVE-2016-8426 A-31799206*
N-CVE-2016-8426
Critical Nexus 9 Sep 28, 2016
CVE-2016-8482 A-31799863*
N-CVE-2016-8482
Critical Nexus 9 Sep 28, 2016
CVE-2016-8427 A-31799885*
N-CVE-2016-8427
Critical Nexus 9 Sep 28, 2016
CVE-2016-8428 A-31993456*
N-CVE-2016-8428
Critical Nexus 9 Oct 6, 2016
CVE-2016-8429 A-32160775*
N-CVE-2016-8429
Critical Nexus 9 Oct 13, 2016
CVE-2016-8430 A-32225180*
N-CVE-2016-8430
Critical Nexus 9 Oct 17, 2016
CVE-2016-8431 A-32402179*
N-CVE-2016-8431
Critical Pixel C Oct 25, 2016
CVE-2016-8432 A-32447738*
N-CVE-2016-8432
Critical Pixel C Oct 26, 2016

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in MediaTek driver

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the MediaTek driver could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as Critical due to the possibility of a local permanent device compromise, which may require reflashing the operating system to repair the device.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8433 A-31750190*
MT-ALPS02974192
Critical None** Sep 24, 2016

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

** Supported Google devices on Android 7.0 or later that have installed all available updates are not affected by this vulnerability.

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Qualcomm GPU driver

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the Qualcomm GPU driver could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as Critical due to the possibility of a local permanent device compromise, which may require reflashing the operating system to repair the device.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8434 A-32125137
QC-CR#1081855
Critical Nexus 5X, Nexus 6, Nexus 6P, Android One Oct 12, 2016

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in NVIDIA GPU driver

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the NVIDIA GPU driver could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as Critical due to the possibility of a local permanent device compromise, which may require reflashing the operating system to repair the device.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8435 A-32700935*
N-CVE-2016-8435
Critical Pixel C Nov 7, 2016

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Qualcomm video driver

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the Qualcomm video driver could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as Critical due to the possibility of a local permanent device compromise, which may require reflashing the operating system to repair the device.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8436 A-32450261
QC-CR#1007860
Critical None* Oct 13, 2016

* Supported Google devices on Android 7.0 or later that have installed all available updates are not affected by this vulnerability.

Vulnerabilities in Qualcomm components

The following vulnerabilities affects Qualcomm components and are described in further detail in Qualcomm AMSS November 2015, August 2016, September 2016, and October 2016 security bulletins.

CVE References Severity* Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8438 A-31624565** Critical None*** Qualcomm internal
CVE-2016-8442 A-31625910** Critical None*** Qualcomm internal
CVE-2016-8443 A-32576499** Critical None*** Qualcomm internal
CVE-2016-8437 A-31623057** High None*** Qualcomm internal
CVE-2016-8439 A-31625204** High None*** Qualcomm internal
CVE-2016-8440 A-31625306** High None*** Qualcomm internal
CVE-2016-8441 A-31625904** High None*** Qualcomm internal
CVE-2016-8398 A-31548486** High Nexus 5X, Nexus 6, Nexus 6P, Android One Qualcomm internal
CVE-2016-8459 A-32577972** High None*** Qualcomm internal
CVE-2016-5080 A-31115235** Moderate Nexus 5X Qualcomm internal

* The severity rating for these vulnerabilities was determined by the vendor.

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

*** Supported Google devices on Android 7.0 or later that have installed all available updates are not affected by this vulnerability.

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Qualcomm camera

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the Qualcomm camera could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as High because it first requires compromising a privileged process.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8412 A-31225246
QC-CR#1071891
High Nexus 5X, Nexus 6, Nexus 6P, Android One, Pixel, Pixel XL Aug 26, 2016
CVE-2016-8444 A-31243641*
QC-CR#1074310
High Nexus 5X, Nexus 6, Nexus 6P Aug 26, 2016

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in MediaTek components

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in MediaTek components, including the thermal driver and video driver, could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as High because it first requires compromising a privileged process.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8445 A-31747590*
MT-ALPS02968983
High None** Sep 25, 2016
CVE-2016-8446 A-31747749*
MT-ALPS02968909
High None** Sep 25, 2016
CVE-2016-8447 A-31749463*
MT-ALPS02968886
High None** Sep 25, 2016
CVE-2016-8448 A-31791148*
MT-ALPS02982181
High None** Sep 28, 2016

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

** Supported Google devices on Android 7.0 or later that have installed all available updates are not affected by this vulnerability.

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Qualcomm Wi-Fi driver

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the Qualcomm Wi-Fi driver could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as High because it first requires compromising a privileged process.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8415 A-31750554
QC-CR#1079596
High Nexus 5X, Pixel, Pixel XL Sep 26, 2016

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in NVIDIA GPU driver

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the NVIDIA GPU driver could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as High because it first requires compromising a privileged process.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8449 A-31798848*
N-CVE-2016-8449
High Nexus 9 Sep 28, 2016

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Qualcomm sound driver

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the Qualcomm sound driver could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as High because it first requires compromising a privileged process.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8450 A-32450563
QC-CR#880388
High Nexus 5X, Nexus 6, Nexus 6P, Android One Oct 13, 2016

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Synaptics touchscreen driver

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the Synaptics touchscreen driver could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as High because it first requires compromising a privileged process.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8451 A-32178033* High None** Oct 13, 2016

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

** Supported Google devices on Android 7.0 or later that have installed all available updates are not affected by this vulnerability.

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in kernel security subsystem

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in kernel security subsystem could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as High because it first requires compromising a privileged process.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-7042 A-32178986
Upstream kernel
High Pixel C Oct 14, 2016

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in kernel performance subsystem

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the kernel performance subsystem could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as High because it first requires compromising a privileged process.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2017-0403 A-32402548* High Nexus 5X, Nexus 6, Nexus 6P, Nexus 9, Android One, Pixel C, Nexus Player, Pixel, Pixel XL Oct 25, 2016

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in kernel sound subsystem

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the kernel sound subsystem could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as High because it first requires compromising a privileged process.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2017-0404 A-32510733* High Nexus 5X, Nexus 6P, Nexus 9, Pixel C, Nexus Player, Pixel, Pixel XL Oct 27, 2016

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Qualcomm Wi-Fi driver

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the Qualcomm Wi-Fi driver could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as High because it first requires compromising a privileged process.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8452 A-32506396
QC-CR#1050323
High Nexus 5X, Android One, Pixel, Pixel XL Oct 28, 2016

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Qualcomm radio driver

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the Qualcomm radio driver could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as High because it first requires compromising a privileged process.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-5345 A-32639452
QC-CR#1079713
High Android One Nov 3, 2016

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in kernel profiling subsystem

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the kernel profiling subsystem could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as High because it first requires compromising a privileged process.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-9754 A-32659848
Upstream kernel
High Nexus 5X, Nexus 6, Nexus 6P, Nexus 9, Android One, Pixel C, Nexus Player Nov 4, 2016

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Broadcom Wi-Fi driver

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the Broadcom Wi-Fi driver could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as High because it first requires compromising a privileged process.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8453 A-24739315*
B-RB#73392
High Nexus 6 Google internal
CVE-2016-8454 A-32174590*
B-RB#107142
High Nexus 6, Nexus 6P, Nexus 9, Pixel C, Nexus Player Oct 14, 2016
CVE-2016-8455 A-32219121*
B-RB#106311
High Nexus 6P Oct 15, 2016
CVE-2016-8456 A-32219255*
B-RB#105580
High Nexus 6, Nexus 6P, Nexus 9, Pixel C, Nexus Player Oct 15, 2016
CVE-2016-8457 A-32219453*
B-RB#106116
High Nexus 6, Nexus 6P, Nexus 9, Pixel C Oct 15, 2016

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Synaptics touchscreen driver

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the Synaptics touchscreen driver could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as High because it first requires compromising a privileged process.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8458 A-31968442* High Nexus 5X, Nexus 6P, Nexus 9, Android One, Pixel, Pixel XL Google internal

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

Information disclosure vulnerability in NVIDIA video driver

An information disclosure vulnerability in the NVIDIA video driver could enable a local malicious application to access data outside of its permission levels. This issue is rated as High because it could be used to access sensitive data without explicit user permission.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8460 A-31668540*
N-CVE-2016-8460
High Nexus 9 Sep 21, 2016

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

Information disclosure vulnerability in bootloader

An information disclosure vulnerability in the bootloader could enable a local attacker to access data outside of its permission level. This issue is rated as High because it could be used to access sensitive data.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8461 A-32369621* High Nexus 9, Pixel, Pixel XL Oct 21, 2016
CVE-2016-8462 A-32510383* High Pixel, Pixel XL Oct 27, 2016

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

Denial of service vulnerability in Qualcomm FUSE file system

A denial of service vulnerability in the Qualcomm FUSE file system could enable a remote attacker to use a specially crafted file to cause a device hang or reboot. This issue is rated as High due to the possibility of remote denial of service.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8463 A-30786860
QC-CR#586855
High None* Jan 03, 2014

* Supported Google devices on Android 7.0 or later that have installed all available updates are not affected by this vulnerability.

Denial of service vulnerability in bootloader

A denial of service vulnerability in the bootloader could enable an attacker to cause a local permanent denial of service, which may require reflashing the operating system to repair the device. This issue is rated as High due to the possibility of local permanent denial of service.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8467 A-30308784* High Nexus 6, Nexus 6P Jun 29, 2016

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Broadcom Wi-Fi driver

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the Broadcom Wi-Fi driver could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as Moderate because it first requires compromising a privileged process and is mitigated by current platform configurations.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8464 A-29000183*
B-RB#106314
Moderate Nexus 6, Nexus 6P, Nexus 9, Pixel C, Nexus Player May 26, 2016
CVE-2016-8466 A-31822524*
B-RB#105268
Moderate Nexus 6, Nexus 6P, Nexus 9, Pixel C, Nexus Player Sep 28, 2016
CVE-2016-8465 A-32474971*
B-RB#106053
Moderate Nexus 6, Nexus 6P, Nexus 9, Pixel C, Nexus Player Oct 27, 2016

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

Elevation of privilege vulnerability in Binder

An elevation of privilege vulnerability in Binder could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of a privileged process. This issue is rated as Moderate because it first requires compromising a privileged process and is mitigated by current platform configurations.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8468 A-32394425* Moderate Pixel C, Pixel, Pixel XL Google internal

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

Information disclosure vulnerability in NVIDIA camera driver

An information disclosure vulnerability in the camera driver could enable a local malicious application to access data outside of its permission levels. This issue is rated as Moderate because it first requires compromising a privileged process.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8469 A-31351206*
N-CVE-2016-8469
Moderate Nexus 9 Sep 7, 2016

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

Information disclosure vulnerability in MediaTek driver

An information disclosure vulnerability in the MediaTek driver could enable a local malicious application to access data outside of its permission levels. This issue is rated as Moderate because it first requires compromising a privileged process.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8470 A-31528889*
MT-ALPS02961395
Moderate None** Sep 15, 2016
CVE-2016-8471 A-31528890*
MT-ALPS02961380
Moderate None** Sep 15, 2016
CVE-2016-8472 A-31531758*
MT-ALPS02961384
Moderate None** Sep 15, 2016

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

** Supported Google devices on Android 7.0 or later that have installed all available updates are not affected by this vulnerability.

Information disclosure vulnerability in STMicroelectronics driver

An information disclosure vulnerability in the STMicroelectronics driver could enable a local malicious application to access data outside of its permission levels. This issue is rated as Moderate because it first requires compromising a privileged process.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8473 A-31795790* Moderate Nexus 5X, Nexus 6P Sep 28, 2016
CVE-2016-8474 A-31799972* Moderate Nexus 5X, Nexus 6P Sep 28, 2016

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

Information disclosure vulnerability in Qualcomm audio post processor

An information disclosure vulnerability in the Qualcomm audio post processor could enable a local malicious application to access data outside of its permission levels. This issue is rated as Moderate because it could be used to access sensitive data without permission.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Updated AOSP versions Date reported
CVE-2017-0399 A-32588756 [2] Moderate All 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Oct 18, 2016
CVE-2017-0400 A-32438598 [2] Moderate All 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Oct 25, 2016
CVE-2017-0401 A-32588016 Moderate All 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Oct 26, 2016
CVE-2017-0402 A-32588352 [2] Moderate All 5.0.2, 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.0, 7.1.1 Oct 25, 2016

Information disclosure vulnerability in HTC input driver

An information disclosure vulnerability in the HTC input driver could enable a local malicious application to access data outside of its permission levels. This issue is rated as Moderate because it first requires compromising a privileged process.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2016-8475 A-32591129* Moderate Pixel, Pixel XL Oct 30, 2016

* The patch for this issue is not publicly available. The update is contained in the latest binary drivers for Nexus devices available from the Google Developer site.

Denial of service vulnerability in kernel file system

A denial of service vulnerability in the kernel file system could enable a local malicious application to cause a device hang or reboot. This issue is rated as Moderate because it is a temporary denial of service that requires a factory reset to fix.

CVE References Severity Updated Google devices Date reported
CVE-2014-9420 A-32477499
Upstream kernel
Moderate Pixel C Dec 25, 2014

Common Questions and Answers

This section answers common questions that may occur after reading this bulletin.

1. How do I determine if my device is updated to address these issues?

To learn how to check a device's security patch level, read the instructions on the Pixel and Nexus update schedule.

  • Security patch levels of 2017-01-01 or later address all issues associated with the 2017-01-01 security patch level.
  • Security patch levels of 2017-01-05 or later address all issues associated with the 2017-01-05 security patch level and all previous patch levels.

Device manufacturers that include these updates should set the patch string level to:

  • [ro.build.version.security_patch]:[2017-01-01]
  • [ro.build.version.security_patch]:[2017-01-05]

2. Why does this bulletin have two security patch levels?

This bulletin has two security patch levels so that Android partners have the flexibility to fix a subset of vulnerabilities that are similar across all Android devices more quickly. Android partners are encouraged to fix all issues in this bulletin and use the latest security patch level.

  • Devices that use the January 1, 2017 security patch level must include all issues associated with that security patch level, as well as fixes for all issues reported in previous security bulletins.
  • Devices that use the security patch level of January 5, 2017 or newer must include all applicable patches in this (and previous) security bulletins.

Partners are encouraged to bundle the fixes for all issues they are addressing in a single update.

3. How do I determine which Google devices are affected by each issue?

In the 2017-01-01 and 2017-01-05 security vulnerability details sections, each table has an Updated Google devices column that covers the range of affected Google devices updated for each issue. This column has a few options:

  • All Google devices: If an issue affects All and Pixel devices, the table will have "All" in the Updated Google devices column. "All" encapsulates the following supported devices: Nexus 5X, Nexus 6, Nexus 6P, Nexus 7 (2013), Nexus 9, Android One, Nexus Player, Pixel C, Pixel, and Pixel XL.
  • Some Google devices: If an issue doesn't affect all Google devices, the affected Google devices are listed in the Updated Google devices column.
  • No Google devices: If no Google devices running the latest available version of Android are affected by the issue, the table will have "None" in the Updated Google devices column.

4. What do the entries in the references column map to?

Entries under the References column of the vulnerability details table may contain a prefix identifying the organization to which the reference value belongs. These prefixes map as follows:

Prefix Reference
A- Android bug ID
QC- Qualcomm reference number
M- MediaTek reference number
N- NVIDIA reference number
B- Broadcom reference number

Revisions

  • January 03, 2017: Bulletin published.
  • January 04, 2017: Bulletin revised to include AOSP links.
  • January 05, 2017: Clarified AOSP version number from 7.1 to 7.1.1.
  • January 12, 2017: Removed duplicate entry for CVE-2016-8467.
  • January 24, 2017: Updated description and severity for CVE-2017-0381.
  • February 2, 2017: Updated CVE-2017-0389 with additional patch link.