Atest is a command line tool that allows users to build, install, and run Android tests locally. This page explains how to use Atest to run Android tests.
For general information on writing tests for Android, see Android Platform Testing.
For information on the overall structure of Atest, see Atest Developer Guide.
And to add a feature to Atest, follow Atest Developer Workflow.
Setting up your environment
To run Atest, follow the steps in the sections below to set up your environment.
Set environment variable
1. Run envsetup.sh
From the root of the Android source checkout, run:
2. Run lunch
$ lunch command to bring up a menu of supported devices. Find the
device and run that command.
For example, if you have an ARM device connected, run the following command:
This sets various environment variables required for running Atest and adds the
Atest command to your
Atest commands take the following form:
atest [optional-arguments] test-to-run
You can use the following optional arguments with Atest commands.
||Builds test targets.|
||Installs test artifacts (APKs) on device.|
||Runs the tests.|
||Runs the tests on the specified device. One device can be tested at a time.|
||Disables test teardown and cleanup.|
||Shows the relevant info of the specified targets and exits.|
||A synonym of --info.|
||Forces a rebuild of the module-info.json file.|
||Waits for debugger prior to execution. Only for instrumentation tests.|
||Displays DEBUG level logging.|
||Generates baseline metrics, runs 5 iterations by default.|
||Generates new metrics, run 5 iterations by default.|
||Runs regression detection algorithm.|
||Specifies custom args for the test runners.|
||Runs the tests for all available device architectures.|
||Shows help message and exits.|
||Runs the test completely on the host
without a device.
(Note: Running a host test that requires a device with --host will fail.)
For more information on
Specifying steps: build, install, or run.
Tests to run
You can run one or more tests using test-to-run. To run multiple tests, separate test references with spaces. For example:
atest test-to-run-1 test-to-run-2
Here are some examples:
atest FrameworksServicesTests CtsJankDeviceTestCases
For more information on how to reference a test, see Identifying tests.
You can specify the test-to-run argument with the test's module name, Module:Class, class name, TF integration test, file path or package name.
To run an entire test module, use its module name. Input the name as it appears
LOCAL_PACKAGE_NAME variables in that test's
To run a single class within a module, use Module:Class. Module is the
same as described in Module name. Class is the name of the
test class in the
.java file and can be the fully qualified class name or the
To run a single class without explicitly stating a module name, use the class name.
Using the Module:Class reference is recommended whenever possible since Atest requires more time to search the complete source tree for potential matches if no module is stated.
Examples (ordered from fastest to slowest):
TF integration test
To run tests that are integrated directly into TradeFed (non-modules), input the
name as it appears in the output of the
tradefed.sh list configs command. For
To run the
To run the
You can run both module-based tests and integration-based tests by inputting the path to their test file or directory as appropriate. You can also run a single class by specifying the path to the class's Java file. Both relative and absolute paths are supported.
Example: Two ways to run the
CtsJankDeviceTestCases module via path
Run module from android repo-root:
From android repo-root/cts/tests/jank:
Example: Run a specific class within
CtsJankDeviceTestCases module via path.
From android repo-root:
Example: Run an integration test via path. From android repo-root:
Atest supports searching tests by package name.
Specifying steps: Build, install, or run
You can specify which steps to run by using the
-t options. If
you don't specify an option, then all steps run.
- Build targets only:
atest -b test-to-run
- Run tests only:
atest -t test-to-run
- Install apk and run tests:
atest -it test-to-run
- Build and run, but don't install:
atest -bt test-to-run
Atest can force a test to skip the cleanup/teardown step. Many tests, such as
CTS, clean up the device after the test is run, so trying to rerun your test
-t will fail without the
--disable-teardown parameter. Use
-t to skip the test clean up step and test iteratively.
atest -d test-to-run
atest -t test-to-run
Running specific methods
You can run specific methods within a test class. Although the whole module needs to be built, this reduces the time needed to run the tests. To run specific methods, identify the class using any of the ways supported for identifying a class (Module:Class, file path, etc) and append the name of the method.
You can specify multiple methods with commas.
The following two examples show the preferred ways to run a single method,
testFlagChange. These examples are preferred over only using the class name
because specifying the module or the Java file location allows Atest to find the
test much faster:
From android repo-root
Multiple methods can be run from different classes and modules:
atest FrameworksServicesTests:ScreenDecorWindowTests#testFlagChange,testRemoval ScreenDecorWindowTests#testMultipleDecors
Running multiple classes
To run multiple classes, separate them with spaces in the same way as running multiple tests. Atest builds and runs classes efficiently, so specifying a subset of classes in a module improves performance over running the whole module.
Two classes in the same module:
atest FrameworksServicesTests:ScreenDecorWindowTests FrameworksServicesTests:DimmerTests
Two classes in different modules:
atest FrameworksServicesTests:ScreenDecorWindowTests CtsJankDeviceTestCases:CtsDeviceJankUi
Running native tests
Atest can run native tests.
atest -a libinput_tests inputflinger_tests
-a to run the tests for all available device architectures, which in this
example is armeabi-v7a (ARM 32-bit) and arm64-v8a (ARM 64-bit).
Detecting metrics regression
You can generate pre-patch or post-patch metrics without running regression detection. You can specify the number of iterations, but the default is five.
atest test-to-run --generate-baseline [optional-iteration]
atest test-to-run --generate-new-metrics [optional-iteration]
Local regression detection can be run in three options:
Generate baseline (pre-patch) metrics and place them in a folder. Atest runs the tests through the specified iterations, generates post-patch metrics, and compares those against existing metrics.
atest test-to-run --detect-regression /path/to/baseline --generate-new-metrics [optional-iteration]
Using a folder containing previously generated post-patch metrics, Atest runs the tests n iterations, generates a new set of pre-patch metrics, and compares those against those provided.
atest test-to-run --detect-regression /path/to/new --generate-baseline [optional-iteration]
Using two folders containing both pre-patch and post-patch metrics, Atest runs the regression detection algorithm without any tests.
atest --detect-regression /path/to/baseline /path/to/new