This page summarizes the required modem features for supporting an eSIM chip or removable eSIM 4FF card.
These are the modem requirements for general eSIM support. The Local Profile Assistant (LPA) needs the modem to support all of these requirements to function properly.
Handling the default boot profile correctly
When there is no operational or test profile enabled on eSIM, the default boot profile is enabled. The modem recognizes the eSIM with the default boot profile enabled as a valid SIM, reports the card as valid to upper layers, and doesn't turn off the SIM power.
Sending terminal capabilities correctly
On power-up, the modem sends correct terminal capabilities to the eSIM. The terminal capability encodes support for eUICC capabilities Local Profile Management and Profile Download.
See ETSI TS 102 221 Section 126.96.36.199.4: “Additional Terminal capability indications related to eUICC". Bytes [1-3] shall be: ‘83 (Tag) ‘01’ (Length) ‘07’ (eUICC capabilities).
(Optional) Supporting eSIM OS OTA updates
The modem supports all requirements for eSIM OS OTA updates, for example, switching to passthrough mode and keeping the eSIM powered on during the OTA update procedure.
These are API implementations that are required for general eSIM support.
Implementing setSimPower in Radio HAL v1.1
The modem supports the setSimPower method.
Implementing getSimSlotsStatus in IRadioConfig HAL v1.2
The modem supports the getSimSlotsStatus method, which indicates whether a slot contains an eSIM.
Implementing getIccCardStatus in IRadio HAL v1.4
The modem provides the answer to reset (ATR) and slot ID of the card status in the getIccCardStatusResponse method. This method was introduced in v1.0 and, in v1.2, CardStatus was changed to include ATR. In v1.4, CardStatus includes EID.
Setting CardState:RESTRICTED on SIM lock (subsidy lock)
(Optional) Implementing setSimSlotsMapping in IRadioConfig HAL v1.0
The modem supports the setSimSlotsMapping method, which sets the mapping from physical slots to logical slots. The LPA uses this method to select the active SIM slot.
These are general modem logging requirements for debugging eSIM issues.
Logging captures interprocessor communication, SIM functionality, radio interface layer (RIL) logging, and application protocol data unit (APDU) logging.
Device software supports an on-device modem log capturing mechanism.
Log config support
Device software supports different modem logging configurations (level, modules). These configurations must be supported for both on-device logging and PC-tool-based logging.
Android bug report
Bug reports contains modem logs, vendor RIL logs, panic signature logs, and Android logs.