The Android Vendor Test Suite (VTS) provides extensive testing on the following:
- Hardware abstraction layer (HAL)
VTS runs on a desktop machine and executes test cases directly on attached devices or on the emulators. Similar to CTS, VTS is an automated test suite that uses the following major software components.
- The VTS Trade Federation test harness runs on your host machine and manages test execution. It offers the ability to Configure Sharding across multiple devices under test (DUTs). You can also use the Suite Retry feature to retry only the failures rather than the entire test suites, which greatly reduces the re-run time.
- Individual test cases are executed on the DUT. The test cases can be gtest-style tests, kernel tests, or JUnit-style tests written in Java.
Types of tests
Most tests in VTS are gtest-style tests that check the HAL
implementation. The test is
written in C++ and runs on the device. A typical VTS gtest iterates through
each instance of a given interface, and runs all the test cases
against it. Refer to
for an example.
Linux kernel tests
Kselftest (external/linux-kselftest) is a collection of tests included within the Linux kernel repository at
tools/testing/selftests, of which 23 are included in VTS to run on ARM.
Linux Test Project (external/ltp) tests validate the reliability, robustness, and stability of the Linux kernel.
A small set of host-driven tests in VTS are JUnit-style tests, for example,
The Java tests are implemented as
BaseHostJUnit4Test, which is associate with a test device and can run shell
commands to perform validation.
Standalone Python3 tests
Some VTS tests, such as
are written in Python3. The
Python-based tests are implemented as
unittest.TestCase and each test
case can interact with the device through shell commands.