Session Parameters

The session parameters feature reduces delays by enabling camera clients to actively configure the subset of costly request parameters, that is, session parameters, as part of the capture session initialization phase. With this feature, your HAL implementations receive the client parameters during the stream configuration phase instead of the first capture request and can, depending on their values, prepare and build the internal pipeline more efficiently.

In Android 10, you can improve performance by using the optional session reconfiguration query feature for more control over the internal session parameter reconfiguration logic. For more information, see Session reconfiguration query.

Examples and source

A reference session parameter implementation is already part of the CameraHal. This HAL uses the legacy Hal API. The binderized CameraHal that implements the camera HIDL API must use the respective HIDL sessionParams entry to access any new incoming session parameters during stream configuration.

Camera clients can query the keys of all supported session parameters by calling getAvailableSessionKeys() and eventually set their initial values via setSessionParameters().


Your CameraHal implementation must populate the ANDROID_REQUEST_AVAILABLE_SESSION_KEYS within the respective static camera metadata and provide a subset of ANDROID_REQUEST_AVAILABLE_REQUEST_KEYS, which contains a list of keys that are difficult to apply per-frame and can result in unexpected delays when modified during the capture session lifetime.

Typical examples include parameters that require a time-consuming hardware reconfiguration or an internal camera pipeline change. Control over session parameters can still be exerted in capture requests but clients should be aware of and expect delays in their application.

The framework monitors all incoming requests and if it detects a change in the value of a session parameter, it internally reconfigures the camera. The new stream configuration passed to CameraHal then includes the updated session parameter values, which are used to configure the camera pipeline more efficiently.


You can define tags in the available session parameter list that is populated on the CameraHal side. This feature is not active if CameraHal leaves the available session parameter list empty.


CTS includes the following new cases for testing session parameters:

In general, after a certain parameter is part of the session key list, its current value is included as part of the session parameters passed during stream configuration at the HAL layer.

Session parameters must be carefully selected. The values should not change frequently, if at all, between stream configurations. Parameters that change frequently, such as capture intent, are ill-suited and adding them to the session parameter list could cause CTS failures due to excessive internal re-configuration.

Session reconfiguration query

Android 10 introduces an optional session reconfiguration query feature to improve performance as internal stream reconfigurations resulting from session parameter value modifications can reduce performance. To address this concern, HIDL ICameraDeviceSession version 3.5 and higher supports the isReconfigurationRequired method, which provides fine-grained control over the internal session parameter reconfiguration logic. Using this method, stream reconfiguration can occur precisely when required.

The arguments for isReconfigurationRequired provide the required information about every pending session parameter modification, allowing for various kinds of device-specific customizations.

This feature is implemented only in the camera service and the camera HAL. There are no public-facing APIs. If this feature is implemented, camera clients should see performance improvements when working with session parameters.


To support session reconfiguration queries, you must implement the isReconfigurationRequired method to check whether complete stream reconfiguration is required for new session parameter values.

If the client changes the value of any advertised session parameter, the camera framework calls the isReconfigurationRequired method. Depending on the specific values, the HAL decides whether a complete stream reconfiguration is required. If the HAL returns false, the camera framework skips the internal reconfiguration. If the HAL returns true, the framework reconfigures the streams and passes the new session parameter values accordingly.

The isReconfigurationRequired method can be called by the framework some time before a request with new parameters is submitted to the HAL, and the request can be cancelled before it is submitted. Therefore, the HAL must not use this method call to change its behavior in any way.

The HAL implementation must meet the following requirements:

  • The framework must be able to call the isReconfigurationRequired method at any time after active session configuration.
  • There must be no impact on the performance of pending camera requests. In particular, there must not be any glitches or delays during normal camera streaming.

The device and HAL implementation must meet the following performance requirements:

  • Hardware and software camera settings must not be changed.
  • There must be no user-visible impact on camera performance.

The isReconfigurationRequired method takes the following arguments:

  • oldSessionParams: Session parameters from the previous session. Usually the existing session parameters.
  • newSessionParams: New session parameters that are set by the client.

The expected return status codes are:

  • OK: Successful reconfiguration required query.
  • METHOD_NOT_SUPPORTED: The camera device doesn't support the reconfiguration query.
  • INTERNAL_ERROR: The reconfiguration query can't complete due to an internal error.

The return values are:

  • true: Stream reconfiguration is required.
  • false: Stream reconfiguration isn't required.

To ignore a session reconfiguration query, the HAL returns METHOD_NOT_SUPPORTED or false. This results in the default camera service behavior where stream reconfiguration is triggered on each session parameter change.


The session reconfiguration query feature can be validated using the VTS test case in CameraHidlTest#configureStreamsWithSessionParameters.